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Yesterday at 11:05 PM Bowhunter says pistol, not bear spray, only option by clearwater

Thought some of you might appreciate the fellows multi layer preparedness.


"Losinski said Adams is left-handed and had bear pepper spray on his left side, but couldn’t get to it during the attack. Losinski said Adams with his right hand was able to reach his handgun on his right side and fire shots that Adams told officials he thought struck the bear."

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08/30/15 01:26 PM Missing hiker found injured but alive after 9 days by Doug_Ritter


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08/29/15 10:07 PM Experience with Aqua Rain filter (like Big Berkey) by bigmbogo

I finally broke down and bought a high-capacity water filter. I had been looking at the Big Berkeys for a while, but finally decided to go with the Aqua Rain instead.

For those unfamiliar with them, these filters are the large stainless steel type that look sort of like a large coffee pot or other kitchen pot. They are for stationary use, not hiking. There is an upper pot with the filter cartridges in it, and this nests on top of and drips down into a lower pot that collects the water and has a spigot.

The Berkeys have been around for a long time, and are considered to be great filters. The one thing I was concerned about with them is that the way the upper chamber nests into the lower one, drips or spills of un-filtered water could potentially run down the side and into the lower one that you're trying to keep pure, contaminating the water. You could probably tie a rag around it or something to catch spills, or just be extra careful, but I still wasn't crazy about the design.

I then learned about the Aqua Rain and researched it. The big difference to me was that it was designed with a baffle to divert any spills away from the opening of the collection chamber. Everything I read indicated it was also a very well-considered filter, albeit without the long track record of the Berkey. Some people like the Berkey filter elements better, some the Aquarain. They are compatible and interchangeable if you have a preference for the other brand.

The filter elements are supposed be could for up to a couple thousand gallons, I think, if the water isn't too murky. They're around $80 to replace 2.

So I bought the 2 element model from Amazon for $200. I looks very well made and high quality. I have never seen a Berkey in person, so I can't compare. The only thing that was odd was that there was a strong petro-chemical sort of smell. I finally tracked it down to this rather crude cast rubber ring that goes around the bottom of the base, apparently to keep it from slipping or scuffing. It doesn't affect the operation, or have any contact with the water.

We took it on a week-long trip to a remote house with only well water. The well was very suspect, and was thought to have been the cause of a friend's giardia infection some years prior. So we wanted to be extra careful.

The filter worked great, and was easy to use. It has to be disassembled and the elements protected for transport. It also takes a day or two for the elements to be fully wetted and flow at full capacity, which is still at a slow rate of maybe a drip a second. But those drips add up, and overnight you get a gallon or more of pure water.

It works best if you top it off regularly, and would probably make 2-3 gallons a day. We never really measured it because we were constantly using the water from it. But it certainly supplied a surplus of drinking water for our small family during the week we used it.

We were re-filling it a lot, and sure enough some water spilled down the side in the process. So I was glad it had that baffle.

So I'm very happy with this thing, and am glad I have it for survival if needed.

I am happy to answer any questions anyone might have.



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08/27/15 05:44 PM On the go charging options by Mark_R

The <A href="http://forums.equipped.org/ubbthreads.php?ubb=showflat&Number=276358#Post276358">21st-centuries migrant's checklist</A> got me thinking about charging technologies that can be used "on the go". I don't want to hijack the thread, so I created this one.

By "On the go" I mean:
1) Small/Light enough to carry in an INCH backpack along with the rest of your stuff.
2) Does not required anything supported by infrastructure (i.e. electrical sockets, car jacks, etc.).

To the best of my knowledge, there's
1) Direct solar chargers - Charges the device directly from solar panels
2) Indirect solar chargers - Charges a battery from solar panels, which is then used to charge a device
3) Direct crank chargers - Charges the device directly from soa hand cranked dynamo.
4) Indirect crank chargers - Charges a battery from a hand cranked dynamo, which is then used to charge a device
5) Thermo-electric - practical power PowerPot V. Turns your dinner into a battery.

While not quite independent of infrastructure, worth a look anyway
6) Disposable battery adaptors - Commercial or homemade. When mixed with a couple of battery adaptors, can charge the device off of commonly available batteries.
7) Big honking (>10Ah) backup battery - Can extend the battery life by a factor of 6 or more.

What am I forgetting?

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08/25/15 08:32 PM 21st-Century Migrant’s Checklist by AKSAR

From time to time we've discussed migration as opposed to sheltering in place. Most of us would probably agree that in certain situations (major war, long term famine, etc) the only viable option may be to migrate to another country or continent. Current events provide numerous examples of where this is now happening.

The NY Times as an interesting article: 21st-Century Migrant’s Checklist: Water, Shelter, Smartphone . It seems that for those fleeing the wars in Syria, Afganistan, Iraq, and other regional catastrophes, a smartphone is an indispensable tool.

BELGRADE, Serbia — The tens of thousands of migrants who have flooded into the Balkans in recent weeks need food, water and shelter, just like the millions displaced by war the world over. But there is also one other thing they swear they cannot live without: a smartphone charging station.

“Every time I go to a new country, I buy a SIM card and activate the Internet and download the map to locate myself,” Osama Aljasem, a 32-year-old music teacher from Deir al-Zour in Syria, explained as he sat on a broken park bench in Belgrade, staring at his smartphone and plotting his next move into northern Europe.
Technology has transformed this 21st-century version of a refugee crisis, not least by making it easier for millions more people to move. It has intensified the pressures on routes that prove successful — like this one through the Balkans, where the United Nations said Tuesday that about 3,000 people a day continued to cross the border from Greece into Macedonia.

In this modern migration, smartphone maps, global positioning apps, social media and WhatsApp have become essential tools.

Migrants depend on them to post real-time updates about routes, arrests, border guard movements and transport, as well as places to stay and prices, all the while keeping in touch with family and friends.

Traffickers use Facebook to advertise their services, but Facebook also started to cut into the traffickers business, as many migrants realize they can make the trip successfully on their own, with the help of a smartphone.
Traffickers advertise their services on Facebook like any legitimate travel agency, with dynamic photographs of destination cities and generous offers.

On the Arabic-language Facebook group Trafficking to Europe, one trafficker offers a 50 percent discount for children under 5. The 1,700 euro price of the journey from Istanbul to Thessaloniki, Greece, about $1,900, includes travel by car to and from each side of the border with a two-hour walk across.
“Right now the traffickers are losing business because people are going alone, thanks to Facebook,” said Mohamed Haj Ali, 38, who works with the Adventist Development and Relief Agency in Belgrade, Serbia’s capital — a major stopover for migrants.
But as tens of thousands completed their journeys, they shared their experiences on social media — even the precise GPS coordinates of every stop along their routes, recorded automatically by some smartphones.

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