Most interesting discussion. I am intrigued by your statements about the versatility of some tourniquets. Having regarded them as very specialized items, they just might find a place in my kit.

With respect to "red Kool-aid," I am sure that is what we delivered to the ER, a 20 minute helo flight away from the scene. They had enough of the Real Thing to pull our victim through. What was really important in the successful outcome of this event was the extremely good helo pilot who landed and took off in an extremely narrow canyon.

As I understand it, rapid transport to definitive care has made a real difference in outcomes, both on the battlefield and in civilian life.

I just love helicopters.....
Geezer in Chief